Facial Animation Laboratory
Department of Orthodontics
UNC School of Dentistry
Campus Box 7450
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7450
Telephone: (919) 537-3186
Fig. 1 below shows the overall flow of the proposed method of facial landmark extraction in the circumoral region for patients with cleft lip.
Fig. 1. Overall flow of the system configuration
Landmarks were positioned on the lip vermillion and circumoral region of participants as shown in Fig. 2. A horizontal center line, defined as a line through the left and right commissures (mouth corners), was identified. It was evenly divided into n+1 area by n points equidistant between the left and right commissures. Then, n points on the upper lip and n points on the lower lip, orthogonal to each of the n points on the horizontal center line, were defined as landmarks. Landmarks on the upper circumoral region then were defined using points d orthogonally distant from landmarks on the upper lip and using points 2d orthogonally distant from the landmarks along the lower lip.
Fig. 2. Landmarks in the circumoral region
As shown in Fig. 3, I have successfully developed software to automatically register landmarks in the circumoral region.
Fig. 3. Result of landmark detection in the circumoral region on 3D image
The newly-developed software can be used for comparative analyses of shape and movement between patients with CL/P and non-cleft subjects. The study sample consisted of participants recruited from the University of North Carolina School of Dentistry Orthodontic, Pedodontic, and Craniofacial Clinics. The participants were patients with repaired cleft lip and palate (CL/P) and non-cleft 'control' subjects. Supported by: NIDCR GRANT #DE013814 & #DE019742. My future work will be focused on the development of a robust and automatic facial landmark extraction.
To date, I have a total of 35 publications including the following 2 abstracts in the Facial Animation Lab:
Lee, N., Heaston, C., Rey, A., Hartman, T., Trotman, C.-A. Facial Landmark Extraction for Lip Tracking of Patients with Cleft Lip Using Active Appearance Model. Human-Computer Interaction (23). 174(4):350-354, 2011.
Lee, N., Heaston, C., Trotman, C.-A. Automatic design of landmarks in the circumoral region for patients with cleft lip. Dental Research in Review Day. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2012.